Issue 61
Prairie Grains

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Prairie Grains is the official publication of the Minnesota Association of Wheat Growers, North Dakota Grain Growers Association, Montana Grain Growers Association and South Dakota Wheat, Inc.

Copyright Prairie Grains Magazine
May2004

New Wheat Varieties

Dapps Available for Spring Planting

Dapps, a hard red spring wheat variety released by North Dakota State University in 2003, is available for 2004 spring planting. The NDSU Agricultural Experiment Station released Dapps last spring and seed was produced during the summer of 2003 through the County Crop Improvement Seed Increase program.

There is an estimated 26,600 bushels of registered seed available from certified seed growers across the state. To locate a certified seed grower in your area, consult the North Dakota State Seed Department 2004 Seed Guide (www.ndseed.com); contact your local county agent or NDSU Research Extension Center.

According to Joel Ransom, NDSU Extension Service agronomist, when averaged across all locations, Dapps’ yield was similar to that of Alsen in the 2003 statewide variety trial, but had the highest protein of all entries.

“Dapps should be an excellent choice for farmers who need a variety that maintains high protein even when grown under less than optimum conditions,” Ransom says. “Dapps has exceptionally good milling and baking characteristics and typically produces grain with one percent more protein than most commonly grown varieties in N.D. The extremely high quality of Dapps could make it a strong candidate for potential niche or identity preserved markets.”

The new variety has performed consistently in trials across the state, but it may be best adapted to the western regions where it is expected to replace the Grandin and Amidon varieties. Dapps is moderately susceptible to Septoria, moderately resistant to wheat leaf rust and tan spot and has good resistance to stem rust. Dapps is susceptible to fusarium head blight (scab).

Dapps is named after Bert D’Appolonia, Cereal Science professor emeritus at NDSU.

New Spring Wheat Steele-ND Has Good Scab Resistance
Steele-ND, a new hard red spring wheat variety, has been developed and released by the NDSU Agricultural Experiment Station.  Steele-ND is a cross between Parshall and ND 706. ND 706 has Amidon and Grandin and several experimental lines in its parentage.

The variety is a semi-dwarf with a heading date and height similar to the high-yielding Reeder variety. Straw strength is similar to Russ but not as strong as Reeder or Alsen, the leading variety in North Dakota. Alsen and Reeder were both developed by NDSU.

The test weight of Steele-ND is about equal to Alsen but the kernels are larger, according to Mohamed Mergoum, NDSU hard red spring wheat breeder. Protein is slightly less than Alsen.

Steele-ND has good resistance to leaf and tan spot and is about equal to Alsen in wheat scab resistance. “In western North Dakota, where diseases are generally less of a problem, Steele-ND has yielded almost equal to Reeder and more than Alsen, according to Mergoum. “In central and eastern North Dakota, where disease pressure is greater, Steele-ND has out-yielded both Reeder and Alsen.” Steele-ND has good milling and baking properties, which are important because of the importance of North Dakota’s export market.

The new variety is named after Steele County in east central North Dakota. The NDSU Research Foundation will apply for Plant Variety Protection with Title V and assess royalties of 30 cents per bushel on registered and certified seed.

Approximately 68% of all hard red spring wheat grown in North Dakota was developed by NDSU.

Dakota Growers Pasta Releases Primo Doro, Increasing Another
Dakota Growers Pasta Company has released a new durum variety, Primo Doro, and is increasing seed of another line.  Both were developed in cooperation with WestBred, with DGPC owning exclusive rights.

Primo Doro is a widely adapted variety, though it is better suited to northwest N.D. since it is a tall variety, very similar to Rugby, according to Brad Miller, DGPC research agronomist.   It is similar to Lebsock in regards to yield and test weight.  It’s greatest attribute is in its overall lower % kernel damage, consistently 2-4% lower than any other variety under adverse growing conditions, Miller notes.  This attribute isn’t quite as evident under favorable growing conditions, such as in 2003, he adds. There are limited amounts of certified Primo Doro available this year.

WB801-706 is the second variety DGPC has under increase.  This variety is shorter than Primo Doro, and is better suited for production in northeast N.D., says Miller. It is a variety, if intensively managed, that has a high yield potential, notes Miller, topping DGPC yield trials in Carrington and Langdon in 2003.  There are limited amounts of foundation seed of WB801-706 available for seed increase.

Further variety data and details can be obtained from Miller: bmiller@dakotagrowers.com , ph.701-652-4852

Trigen Seed Releases New HRS Variety Banton
Trigen Seed LLC, Bloomington, Minn., has announced the release of Banton, a new hard red spring wheat variety adapted to Upper Midwest growing conditions.

Banton is derived from a cross of Argentine variety Buck Antorcha with the University of Minnesota variety HJ98, and combines favorable traits from both parents.  Bob Romig, founder of Trigen Seed and developer of the variety, notes that “crosses between U.S. and Argentine varieties often show remarkable genetic combining ability, and may provide varieties with good adaptation in both countries.”

The mid-season, semi-dwarf, hard red variety has rust resistance and strong straw. It threshes easily and is not prone to shattering. “This feature will be especially appreciated at harvest time,” says Romig. Banton has high test-weight, high vitreous kernels with high levels of protein, and promises to respond well to intensive management. It exhibits favorable milling and baking qualities.

Banton is being released this spring for certified seed increase and will be available for wheat growers in 2005. A limited supply of seed (about 3,000 bushels) will be available to farmer growers this spring through Friederichs Seed at Foxhome.  Those interested can email sfred@rrt.net for more information.  Romig expects about 50 to 60,000 bushels of certified Banton will be available for sale next spring.

Romig is the former vice president of research at Northup King Co., now know as Syngenta Seeds.  For the production of foundation seed, Trigen recently formed a partnership with two other Minnesota seed businesses, Backstrom Farms at Warren and Friederichs Seed Farm at Foxhome.